Phobias and Fears

Phobias and fears are relatively common disorders, and a comprehensive list of phobias would be quite extensive. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, more than 10 million American adults suffer from a phobia.

What is Phobia?

A phobia is defined as an extreme irrational fear of or aversion to something that poses little or no actual danger. Such phobias and fears are classified as anxiety disorders. Thus, the negative consequences of phobias include panic attacks; physical symptoms, such as cold sweats and a racing heartbeat; and avoidance behaviors, in which the focus of phobia is shunned or eluded.

The most common phobias include fear of spiders (arachnophobia), fear of enclosed spaces (claustrophobia), fear of people (anthropophobia), and fear of open places (agoraphobia). Furthermore, a comprehensive list of phobias includes more obscure types, such as fear of beards (pogonophobia), fear of the navel (omphalophobia), and fear of rain (ombrophobia).

Arising in children or teens, most phobias and fears continue into adulthood. The causes of specific phobias are not known, but they can run in families. By using fear-reduction techniques that escalate to phobia exposure, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can effectively treat phobias. Moreover, in the early stages of therapy, pharmaceutical medications can help as well.

Sources: Oxford DictionaryAmerican Psychological AssociationMentalHealth.Gov

Related Resources

Newport Academy Empowering Teens Resources: Options For High School Dropouts

Reading Time: 4 minutes Parts of the brain function as interpreters. For teens with a panic disorder, these interpreters don’t function properly. Normally, signals from the body are analyzed, and the brain comes up […]

Read More

The Truth About Teen Anxiety and Treatment

Reading Time: 5 minutes Teen anxiety is no fun. Stress helps the body prepare for a challenge. The senses are honed, the brain is alert, and the body is ready to spring into action. It’s […]

Read More