Melancholic depression is a serious mental health problem that causes persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest in activities and relationships. It is a particularly severe major depressive disorder and it affects how both teenagers and adults think, feel, and behave. This type of depression can cause emotional, functional, and physical problems, and is not improved by positive events in the person’s life unlike atypical depression.
Melancholic Depression Symptoms
Symptoms of melancholic depression include anxiety or irritability, irregular sleeping patterns, loss of interest in one’s favorite activities, suicidal thoughts, weight loss or gain, and persistent feelings of excessive guilt. People who experience this type of depression often struggle to show emotions and find it difficult to express themselves emotionally. It is most common among those who are hospitalized for depression.
Melancholic Depression Causes
Though specific causes are difficult to target, trauma, hormones, family history, and biological factors can influence the severity of this depressive disorder. This condition is sometimes referred to as “morning depression” because the symptoms are usually worse in the early part of the day.
There are several key aspects of the melancholic depression treatment process. Clinical and experiential therapeutic modalities have been shown to be very effective for melancholic depression, as well as all types of depressive disorders. This approach to treatment increases self-esteem, provides coping skills for handling stressful events, and helps people replace negative beliefs and behaviors with positive, healthy ones.